oral surgery

Surgical procedures

… performed at our polyclinic include tooth and wisdom teeth extractions, apicoectomies, alveotomies, bone augmentation, transplanation and implantation.

All surgical procedures are performed exclusively by an oral surgery specialists, including implants.

The most common surgical procedures include standard and complex tooth extraction, extraction of impacted and retained wisdom teeth, root resection and extraction of retained and fragmented roots. Oral surgery also includes gum surgery, reconstruction of aesthetic and functional disorders of the oral cavity. Nowadays, dental implants are becoming increasingly popular and are considered to be among most advanced methods in dentistry.



Freaquently asked questions

What is an implant?

Dental implant is a titanium fixture (biocompatible material) that is placed into the patient’s upper or lower jawbone acting as a replacement for the root of a missing tooth.

About implants

Titanium is used due to its biological neutrality, because it is very important for the tissue to accept the embedded foreign body. It happens during osseointegration when the implant surface bonds with the surrounding bone. If there is not enough bone tissue, it is possible to regenerate it before implant insertion. During implant surgery, the neighbouring healthy teeth will not be affected.

When to use dental implant?

Dental implants replace one or more teeth and are used to support prosthetic restorations.

Implant installation

Implants are placed under local anesthesia and the procedure is completely painless for the patient. Although it is one of the most complex therapies in dental medicine, success rates are very high (over 97%).

Dental implant durability

Dental implants are built to last a lifetime, although patients may sometimes develop an infection.


Contraindications are rare. They are most usual in severe metabolic disorders and in patients who underwent radiotherapy in the area of head and neck.

Implants are placed to restore missing teeth. Those are completely biocompatible titanium fixtures that bond with the bone and replace the missing tooth root.

Immediate implants

Immediate implants are placed in the jawbone immediately after tooth extraction. By placing such implants it is possible to restore the tooth with a crown immediately after extraction. Immediate implants are usually used to replace front teeth where chewing forces are not as large as in posterior regions, and aesthetic requirements are high. After the implant bonding period (osseointegration), a permanent ceramic crown is placed on the implant.

One missing tooth

An implant and a ceramic crown are placed.

1. Before implant installation, an oral surgeon performs diagnostic procedures.
2. After the implant installation it takes several months for the implant to be fully bonded with the bone.
3. A ceramic crown is placed.
4.A new tooth functions just like a natural tooth.

Several missing teeth

A fixed bridge is anchored to the implants which provide optimal stability

1. Three teeth missing on one part of the jawbone. The only alternative to prosthesis is a fixed bridge. However, there is no final support.
2. Implants are placed.
3. After bonding with the bone a fixed bridge is placed.
4. Implants are strong enough to endure large chewing forces in the posterior region.

Absence of all teeth

Implants provide enough support for a full fixed bridge.

1. All teeth are missing. A dentist examines the condition of jawbone and the possible implant position.
2. Five implants are placed. During the implant bonding period, the patient wear a temporary bridge or a prosthesis.
3. A fixed bridge is placed on the implants.
4. The fixed bridge restores the feeling of chewing that the patient lost. The absence of all teeth may also be restored using two implants on which a removable prosthesis is placed.

Oral surgical procedures

Wisdom teeth

Patients are often not aware of wisdom teeth in their mouth because they do not cause problems and do not hurt. During teething, wisdom teeth may cause pericoronitis, an inflammation of the tissue surrounding the tooth. Sometimes cleaning and rinsing out solves the problem, but if the inflammation is severe, it may be necessary to have oral surgery to remove the tooth.

Root resection (apicoetomy)

In case of unsuccessful root canal therapy (endodontic therapy) during the sanation of dental granuloma, we recommend resection or removal of root tip. After the removal of tooth tip, the canal is filled and completely sealed. The filling is performed through the tooth crown, and in some cases thorugh the tip of the shortened tooth root.



The causes of dental cysts may vary, but the precondition is the formation of epithelium from which a cyst is later derived. Epithelial cells multiply as a result of trauma or inflammation after which a sac is formed. If nothing is done at this stage, the cyst continues to grow. Surgical procedure may include the removal of the entire or only a part of the cyst.

Initial examinations

usually last up to 30 minutes so it is necessary to schedule your appointment to avoid unnecessary waiting. At the first examination, you will get information on the condition of your teeth, jaws, jaw joints, gums, and oral mucosa, chewing muscles and a dental report. At the first examination, we will propose a dental therapy plan to achieve the ultimate goal: healthy mouth and teeth, functional chewing system and, naturally, a nice smile.